Is Subaru American Made? Uncovering the Origins of a Global Automotive Giant

Is Subaru American Made? Dive into the intriguing history and global manufacturing footprint of Subaru, a renowned automaker that has captivated drivers worldwide. From its humble beginnings to its current status as a global powerhouse, we’ll explore the fascinating journey of Subaru and uncover the secrets behind its American roots.

Subaru’s legacy is intertwined with the automotive industry’s evolution, spanning decades of innovation and expansion. Join us as we trace the company’s manufacturing journey, uncovering the locations that have shaped Subaru’s identity and contributed to its unwavering commitment to quality and reliability.

History of Subaru

Subaru, a Japanese automotive manufacturer, traces its origins to 1917 as the Aircraft Research Laboratory. In 1931, the company was renamed Nakajima Aircraft Company and became a major aircraft manufacturer during World War II.

After the war, Nakajima Aircraft was forced to diversify its operations and entered the automotive industry in 1953. The company’s first passenger car, the Subaru 360, was released in 1958 and became a popular kei car in Japan.

Expansion into the United States

Subaru entered the United States market in 1968 with the Subaru 360. However, the car was not successful due to its small size and lack of power. In 1970, Subaru introduced the larger Subaru Leone, which was more successful and helped to establish the brand in the United States.

Subaru continued to expand its lineup in the United States throughout the 1970s and 1980s, introducing models such as the Outback, Legacy, and Impreza. Today, Subaru is a well-established automaker in the United States, known for its all-wheel drive vehicles and its commitment to safety.

Current Manufacturing Locations

Subaru’s global manufacturing network spans several countries, each playing a vital role in the production of its renowned vehicles.

Many people assume Subaru is an American-made brand, but it’s actually a Japanese automaker. However, Subaru has a significant presence in the US, with manufacturing plants in Indiana and Pennsylvania. One of the key features that sets Subaru apart is its Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive (AWD) system.

This system provides excellent traction and stability in all types of driving conditions. Learn more about how Subaru AWD works . Despite its Japanese origins, Subaru’s American-made vehicles offer the same high quality and reliability that the brand is known for.

The company’s primary manufacturing hub is located in Japan, where it operates several plants in different regions. These facilities produce a wide range of Subaru models, including the iconic Impreza, Legacy, and Outback.


  • Gunma Plant:Located in the Gunma Prefecture, this plant is Subaru’s largest and most advanced manufacturing facility. It produces a variety of models, including the Impreza, Legacy, Outback, and Crosstrek.
  • Ota Plant:Situated in the Gunma Prefecture, this plant specializes in the production of the BRZ sports car and the Toyota 86, a sister model to the BRZ.
  • Yajima Plant:Located in the Gunma Prefecture, this plant produces engines and transmissions for Subaru vehicles.

United States

  • Subaru of Indiana Automotive (SIA):Located in Lafayette, Indiana, this plant is Subaru’s only manufacturing facility outside of Japan. It produces the Ascent, Legacy, and Outback models.


  • Subaru Automotive Thailand (SAT):Located in Prachinburi Province, this plant produces the XV (Crosstrek) and Impreza models for the Southeast Asian market.


  • Tan Chong Motor Assemblies (TCMA):Located in Segambut, this plant assembles the XV (Crosstrek) and Impreza models for the Malaysian market.

Production Process: Is Subaru American Made

Subaru’s production process is designed to ensure the highest levels of quality and reliability. It involves a series of meticulous steps, from design and engineering to assembly and testing.

Subaru’s engineers utilize advanced computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided engineering (CAE) software to create virtual prototypes of new vehicles. This allows them to simulate real-world conditions and optimize the design for performance, safety, and durability.

Unique Manufacturing Techniques

Subaru employs several unique manufacturing techniques that contribute to the quality of its vehicles. One such technique is the use of high-tensile steel in the construction of the vehicle’s frame. This steel is stronger and lighter than traditional steel, resulting in a more rigid and crash-resistant body.

Subaru also utilizes a unique welding process called laser screw welding. This process uses a laser to create a continuous weld, which is stronger and more durable than spot welds. It also helps to reduce noise and vibration.

Assembly and Testing

Once the parts are manufactured, they are assembled at Subaru’s state-of-the-art assembly plants. These plants are highly automated, with robots performing many of the tasks. However, skilled technicians still play a vital role in ensuring the quality of each vehicle.

Before a Subaru vehicle is released to the public, it undergoes a rigorous testing process. This includes road tests, crash tests, and emissions tests. Only vehicles that meet Subaru’s high standards of quality and safety are allowed to leave the factory.

Subaru, while not an American-made brand, has established a strong presence in the US automotive market. In addition to its popular all-wheel drive vehicles, Subaru also offers a range of features that enhance convenience and safety. One such feature is remote start, which allows you to start your Subaru from a distance using a key fob.

To learn more about this feature, check out this article: does subaru have remote start . Remote start is particularly useful in extreme weather conditions, as it allows you to warm up or cool down your vehicle before you get inside.

It also adds an extra layer of security, as you can start your car from a safe distance.

Workforce and Labor Relations

Is subaru american made

Subaru’s workforce in the United States plays a crucial role in the production and quality of its vehicles. The company maintains a highly skilled and dedicated team of employees who are committed to delivering excellence.

While Subaru vehicles are renowned for their reliability and all-wheel drive capabilities, you might wonder about their origins. Despite being a Japanese automaker, Subaru has a significant presence in the United States, leading to questions about its American manufacturing status.

To clarify, Subaru vehicles are primarily manufactured in Japan, with some assembly plants in the United States. If you’re curious about Subaru’s corporate ownership, you may also wonder is Subaru owned by Toyota . While Toyota and Subaru have collaborated on certain projects, Subaru remains an independent automaker with its unique identity and vehicle lineup.

The majority of Subaru’s U.S. workforce is located at its manufacturing plant in Lafayette, Indiana. This facility employs over 6,000 people and is responsible for producing the Outback, Legacy, and Ascent models. Subaru also has a smaller assembly plant in Gunma, Japan, which produces the Impreza and WRX models.

Labor Relations

Subaru has a positive and cooperative relationship with its labor unions. The company recognizes the United Auto Workers (UAW) as the exclusive bargaining representative for its production workers in the United States. Subaru and the UAW have a long history of working together to negotiate fair wages, benefits, and working conditions.

Workforce Contribution

Subaru’s workforce is a key factor in the company’s success. The employees are highly trained and experienced, and they take pride in their work. This dedication is reflected in the quality of the vehicles that Subaru produces.

In addition to their technical skills, Subaru employees are also committed to safety and environmental protection. The company has a strong safety record, and its employees are actively involved in environmental initiatives.

Impact on the U.S. Economy

Subaru’s presence in the United States has a significant impact on the economy, generating jobs, revenue, and supporting local communities. The company’s manufacturing operations and dealership network contribute to economic growth and stability.

Subaru’s U.S. manufacturing plant in Lafayette, Indiana, is a major employer in the state, creating thousands of jobs. The plant produces a significant portion of Subaru’s vehicles sold in the United States, contributing to the domestic auto industry.

Job Creation

Subaru’s U.S. operations support numerous jobs, both directly and indirectly. The company’s manufacturing plant employs over 6,000 workers, and its dealership network employs thousands more. Additionally, Subaru’s presence in the United States creates jobs in related industries, such as transportation, logistics, and parts manufacturing.

Revenue Generation

Subaru’s sales in the United States generate substantial revenue for the company and contribute to the U.S. economy. In 2022, Subaru sold over 600,000 vehicles in the United States, generating billions of dollars in revenue. This revenue supports the company’s operations, research and development, and employee compensation.

Local Community Contributions, Is subaru american made

Subaru actively supports the local communities where it operates. The company provides financial support to schools, hospitals, and other non-profit organizations. Subaru employees also volunteer their time to various community service projects. These contributions help strengthen the communities where Subaru has a presence.

Final Summary

In conclusion, Subaru’s American manufacturing presence is a testament to the company’s commitment to quality, innovation, and economic growth. Through its strategic manufacturing locations, dedicated workforce, and advanced production processes, Subaru has established itself as a cornerstone of the American automotive industry, contributing to job creation, revenue generation, and the overall well-being of the communities it serves.

Leave a Comment